The Royal Academy of Music is a conservatoire in London, England and a constituent college of the University of London. It was founded in 1822 and is Britain’s oldest degree-granting music school.It received a Royal Charter in 1830. It is a registered charity under English law. The Academy was founded by Lord Burghersh in 1822 with the help and ideas of the French harpist and composer Nicolas Bochsa.The Academy was granted a Royal Charter by King George IV in 1830. After many years of weak leadership the Academy faced closure in 1866 when its recently appointed Principal (and former pupil) William Sterndale Bennett took on the chairmanship of the Academy’s Board of directors and established its finances and reputation on a new footing.
The Academy’s first building was in Tenterden Street, Hanover Square and in 1911 the institution moved to the current premises (which include the 450-seat Duke’s Hall), built at a cost of £51,000 on the site of an orphanage.In 1976 the Academy acquired the houses situated on the north side and built between them a new opera theatre donated by the philanthropist Sir Jack Lyons and named after him and two new recital spaces, a recording studio, an electronic music studio, several practice rooms and office space. The Academy again expanded its facilities in the late 1990s, with the addition of 1-5 York Gate, designed by John Nash in 1822, to house the new museum, a musical theatre studio and several teaching and practice rooms. To link the main building and 1-5 York Gate a new underground passage and the underground barrel-vaulted 150-seat David Josefowitz recital hall were built on the courtyard between the mentioned structures.
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